Reflux disease is an increasingly common health problem worldwide. Factors such as the change in eating habits and the increase in obesity can be counted among the main reasons for this increase. Reflux usually manifests itself with bitter or sour liquid coming from the stomach to the mouth. For this reason, it is often described as heartburn or heartburn among the people. However, as with any disease, reflux symptoms can vary from person to person. What is reflux? What are the symptoms of reflux? For detailed information about those who are curious about reflux, you can review the rest of the article.
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What is Reflux?
The digestive system, whose main function is the absorption of nutrients, starts from the mouth and ends at the anus. Food taken from the mouth enters the stomach by going down the esophagus canal with a movement called peristaltic movement. The digestion process begins when the food entering the stomach mixes with the gastric juice. The esophageal sphincter, with its medical name in the lower part of the esophagus, acts as a valve and prevents the liquid, acid and nutrients in the stomach from escaping back to the esophagus from the stomach. However, in some cases, this cover-like structure can be opened and closed at very frequent intervals. As a result, the stomach contents back up into the esophagus, that is, into the esophagus. This condition is called reflux. If reflux is not treated for a long time, it can cause serious damage to the esophagus, pharynx and lungs.
In addition, harmful habits such as alcohol and smoking can also cause reflux. At the same time, other digestive system problems that prevent the stomach from emptying can also trigger reflux. In some cases, anatomical reasons such as gastric hernia may cause reflux disease. Pregnancy is also one of the factors that can cause reflux. Reflux occurs when the pressure on the stomach increases as a result of the increase in the intra-abdominal pressure of the woman during pregnancy.
What are the Symptoms of Reflux?
Reflux symptoms usually occur half an hour after meals and at night. The most common symptoms of reflux are heartburn, burning, burping, gas, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, nausea , and bitter mouth. However, reflux symptoms are not limited to these. The frequent collision of the stomach contents to the esophagus can cause damage to the nerves in this area over time. As a result of the destruction of these nerves, various complaints may occur in the chest, throat, heart or arms.
What Is Good For Throat Reflux?
Reflux throat reflux can also manifest as chest reflux. Throat reflux, which occurs as a result of the stomach contents backing up to the throat; It manifests itself with throat complaints such as sore throat, burning in the throat, difficulty in swallowing. The majority of patients diagnosed with throat reflux usually have complaints such as a bitter taste in the mouth in the morning, a feeling of fullness or burning in the throat. In addition to these symptoms, some patients may have a persistent cough and hoarseness or inflammation of the vocal cords. What is good for throat reflux is a question that many people wonder the answer to. First of all, staying at a weight suitable for the body mass index is important for throat reflux. Especially for morbidly obese patients, it may be recommended to lose weight to improve throat reflux in these cases.
What Causes Reflux?
Reflux complaints vary according to the region affected by the stomach contents. In some cases, patients may think that they are having a heart attack during a reflux attack. The most important reason for this is the feeling of pressure, burning and squeezing in the chest area as a result of the stomach contents escaping backwards. In addition to these, pain in the middle of the back or chest pain are among the symptoms of reflux. However, experts recommend that patients with these complaints first apply to the cardiology department to rule out the possibility of a heart attack. In addition to these, escaping acid reflux symptoms can also cause tooth decay. Frequent access of acidic stomach contents to the mouth can damage the teeth. While some patients do not have any stomach complaints, the only symptom may be dental caries.You can apply to dentists for detailed information about teeth whitening prices . Sores on the tongue and mouth area can also be counted among the symptoms of reflux. The answer to the question of what causes reflux is curious. Unbalanced diet, overweight or morbid obesity, some medications, stomach diseases may be the first responses that come to mind.
How Is Reflux Treatment?
If reflux disease is not treated in the early stages, stomach cancer in the later stages It can cause much more serious health problems such as In reflux disease, treatment begins with drug therapy. The first of these drug groups destroys the stomach acid, so the complaints disappear because acid-free foods will come up. Another type of medicine is syrups. When these syrups are drunk, they stay above the stomach contents, so that liquid escapes first. However, none of these treatments is sufficient to treat anatomical causes of reflux such as gastric valve laxity or gastric hernia. The most important treatment method in these patient groups is reflux surgery. Today, with the developments in the world of science and technology, reflux surgeries can be performed with different techniques. One of the commonly used methods is the application of radiofrequency to the lower end of the esophagus.
Another surgical method is to enter the stomach with the help of an endoscope and suture the open area. With the developments in medicine and technology, today reflux surgeries can be performed with laparoscopic methods. Therefore, patients can return to their normal lives shortly after the operation. Reflux is not just an adult disease. Considering the anatomical structure of babies between 0-18 months, it is seen that the point connecting the stomach and esophagus is looser. This causes reflux in infants. A reflux bed can be preferred to reduce reflux-related complaints in infants.
What Is Good For Reflux?
Among the causes of reflux, nutritional and lifestyle habits and anatomical disorders can be counted in the first place. Many times, reflux patients can get relief from the symptoms associated with the disease with lifestyle changes. There are some food groups that reflux patients should avoid. Generally, patients think that raw vegetables and fruits are good for stomach health. However, this belief is not true. Reflux patients are recommended to consume boiled vegetables instead of raw vegetables and fruits. Fat is one of the most important enemies of reflux. For this reason, feeding reflux patients with low-fat foods alleviates the symptoms of the disease. In addition to these, obesity or overweight are important health problems that can cause reflux. When reflux patients lose weight, their complaints are greatly reduced.
How Does Reflux Go Completely?
It is also important to eat less food at frequent intervals in order not to fill the stomach volume completely during the meal. Reflux symptoms usually show themselves at night. One of the reasons for this is eating a meal shortly before going to bed. For this reason, eating at least 4-5 hours before bedtime can alleviate the complaints of patients. Another reason for the increase in complaints while sleeping at night is the change in the position of the stomach due to gravity. There are many reflux pillow options available in the market for reflux patients. These pillows help prevent stomach contents from reaching the mouth. So what is good for reflux? Although it is not possible to correct the anatomical factors that cause reflux spontaneously, it is possible to reduce the complaints related to reflux with some changes. These can be listed as follows:
- Reaching the ideal weight by losing weight,
- Avoiding raw vegetables and fruits
- Not to consume drinks with high acid content such as lemonade, orange juice, cola, soda,
- Avoiding cocoa products such as chocolate, as cocoa and cocoa products may trigger reflux attacks,
- Limiting the consumption of caffeinated beverages such as tea and coffee,
- Avoiding tomato paste and sauces,
- Not going to bed right after meals
- Giving up harmful habits such as smoking and alcohol,
- One of the stomach’s most dangerous enemies is stress. Therefore, avoiding stress also contributes to the reduction of reflux-related symptoms.
Reflux is a chronic disease that seriously affects people’s lives. If left untreated, it can cause many health problems, including cancer. For this reason, do not forget to have your check-ups at the nearest health institution for your health. We wish you healthy days.